Whole Food 4: Herbs and More
In our final month of whole foods, let’s talk about a few herbs and “other” foods that are packed full of nutrition.
Hawthorn Berries are high in antioxidants. They contain the flavonoids such as quercitin, and oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs)- the same antioxidants found in grapes. In Europe, they are used as a heart tonic and to treat circulatory and heart disorders.
Red Raspberry Leaf is high in vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, iron and vitamin B. Most horse people are familiar with raspberry leaf as a uterine relaxant and it’s suggested use for mares when “in heat”. Some horse owners have reported limited success with using raspberry for those reasons. I advise horse owners to tailor a herbal prescription to their individual horse’s needs and not just rely on over the counter preparations.
Bee Pollen is another excellent source of amino acids. Bee pollen is considered a super food that interestingly we can’t artificially produce. It is full of vitamin and minerals and many have acclaimed it’s super powers. My only concern is the plight of the honey bee. They are dying out fast and while scientist know of multiple causes, there seems to be little hope for these great pollinators.
So that completes our list, although I wouldn’t say it’s complete. I just wanted to give you a sample of the many foods available that pack a punch in nutrition. Supplementing our horses doesn’t require synthetic or man made vitamins and minerals that congest and clog our horses systems up. Not only do we over supplement our horses with vitamins and minerals but many of the synthetics are not utilized by the body and are actually harmful. Hopefully this list gave you a place to start in providing a rich source of vitamins and minerals to your horse without having to pay the expensive price tag on processed supplements.
Remember this information is not to replace veterinary advice or care. Always consult a equine nutritionist when changing your horses diet.
Don’t forget to contact me if you’d like a topic covered in a future blog. Until next time,
Whole Foods 3: Seeds and Such
Last month we talked about some great whole foods that are not only packed with nutrition but are treats our horses love to eat. Today I want to talk about seeds and some other dried foods that are great additions to an equine supplement you are attempting to make or looking to buy. Check these out…
Nutritional Yeast is an excellent source of amino acids, B vitamins and provides the compounds beta-1,3 glucan, trehalose, mannan and glutathione, which are associated with enhanced immunity, reduced cholesterol levels and cancer prevention. Nutritional yeast also has the minerals iron, selenium and zinc. Note that it has been heated and deactivated so there isn’t any active yeast. (This is especially important for people who add it to their diet because it won’t cause or aggravate any candida growth.) You will find this listed in holistic supplements for horses and therefore is something you should know about.
Kelp (a nutritional seaweed) is an excellent mineral supplement containing most of the trace minerals and some ultra trace minerals. It also contains proteins and the vitamins A,B, C, D, E and K making it a great nutritional supplement. Kelp also contains a biological available form of calcium and iodine. Your source for kelp is important as some products are mislabeled and some products have toxic metals in them. It helps to do a little research on the source of kelp before you feed it to yourself or your horse.
Spirulina (a bluegreen algae) is known to be a good source of protein, carotenoids, iron and minerals. Loaded with antioxidants, spirulina, is being researched for it’s role in immune function, cleansing out toxins and fighting diseases such as cancer.
Hemp Seeds are a great source of protein and amino acids, essential fatty acids and phytonutrients. Similar to flax seeds, hemp seeds are high in omega 3 fatty acids but additionally provides significant amounts of the more rare ‘super’ polyunsaturated fatty acids, notably gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA). Supplementation with GLA and SDA appears to alleviate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and other skin diseases.
Flax Seeds. please read my previous article about the benefits of flax seeds by clicking here.
Chia Seeds. According to Mountain Rose Herbs they contain “Essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid, mucin, strontium, 30% protein, Vitamins A, B, E, and D, and minerals including calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, iron, iodine, copper, zinc, sodium, magnesium, manganese, niacin, thiamine, silicon, and anti-oxidants.” They are concentrated little powerhouses of nutrition. Unlike flax seeds, chia seeds are digested and do not need to be ground.
Pumpkin seeds are also packed with omega 3 fatty acids. They are a good source of magnesium and zinc. Studies show they help improve insulin regulation and lower inflammation in the body. In addition, pumpkin seeds are a good source of tryptophan which the body uses to make serotonin.
Sesame Seeds. The World’s Healthiest Foods says “Not only are sesame seeds an excellent source of copper and a very good source of manganese, but they are also a good source of calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B1, zinc, molybdenum, selenium, and dietary fiber.”
It’s amazing how these little seeds can have such nutritional value and therefore great disease fighting and health promoting properties. It makes me not only want to include them into my horses diet but also my own.
Whole Foods 2: Fresh Foods
Last time we talked about why whole foods are so great for your horse and the downsides of feeding processed foods. If you haven’t read that article, you can find it here. Today, let’s review some edible fresh foods for horses and what nutrients they have in them. While some of these you may already give to your horse, I bet some you never thought of. I want to mention that when introducing new foods proceed slowly as to not upset your horses digestive system. In addition, realize that not all foods will be palatable to your individual horse.
Carrots are rich in beta carotene which converts into retinol, the most usable vitamin A for the body. It is recommended that horses get between 24,000 & 50,000 IU per day. 1 cup of carrots has about 18,000 IU. Green grass has vitamin A but in winter horses can easily become deficient because stored hay looses it’s vitamin content pretty quickly. Carrots also contain vitamin K, C, E, B1,, B2, B3, B6, potassium, folate, copper, phosphorous, pantothenic acid and manganese.
Apples contain polyphenols which are not only a great source of antioxidants but also have been shown to reduce blood sugar. Apparently, the apple slows down carbohydrate digestion and reduces glucose absorption. In human research, apples are good for the cardiovascular system, anti-cancer and anti-asthma. Apples are a good source of vitamin C.
Pumpkin reportedly safe to offer your horses. I’ve never tried it but might this coming fall and see what they do. I do feed pumpkin seeds and that we will cover in the future under seeds and such. Pumpkin is high in vitamin A, B, antioxidants and many minerals. Might be worth a try!
Mango pieces can be fed to your horse but NOT the pit/seed. Mangos are another good source of vitamin C and A.
Wheat Grass is like a horse superfood. I grow this indoors during the winter or early spring to give my horses a special treat. It’s full of minerals like iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium and selenium. Vitamins in wheatgrass include A, C, E, and several B vitamins. The most prevalent vitamin in wheatgrass is pantothenic acid.
Fresh herbs are a great addition to your horses diet. Again these can be grown inside and offered during the winter months when it’s hard for horses to get anything fresh. Although the discussion of herbs for your horse is beyond this blog here is a list of some herbs you can try: chamomile, red clover, calendula or thyme.
There are other vegetables and fruit (without pits) that supposedly are safe to feed your horse, I’ve just never tried them. Obviously this information is not to replace veterinary care and I cannot be held liable for this information. Just saying…