Author: Rebecca Douglass
Rebecca Douglass is President/Owner of Acupoint Therapies LLC: an acupuncture, nutritional, herbal and alternative medicine practice. Specializing in competition horses. Background in all aspects of horse care and management with concentration on equine learning behavior and cognition.
Life Change In A Bottle?
It’s not often I come across continuing education training that I am excited about. That is until I took Aroma Acupoint Therapy (AAT) training through Snow Lotus with Tiffany Pollard. I was excited to do the training just because it was something different. Now afterwards, excitement doesn’t do it justice. While the title doesn’t sound all that glamorous or even all that new, the effects I have personally experienced have been earth shaking profound.
This year has been really tough. Stressful. Experiencing loss. Balancing an even busier schedule than usual and taking on more responsibilities (even if joyfully) left me worn out with no reserve. This fall I crashed. I was burnt out, exhausted and honestly losing focus on what was important and where I was going from here. While I have tried to turn things around both physically, mentally, emotionally and energetically, it was happening super slow and I was losing faith. You know that feeling when you feel that there is something better and more in store for you but you can’t see through the fog to even know what it is? Well, that was me. Despite all my soul searching, me who usually has her hands in 20 different projects, couldn’t even find the energy to care. Until…
The best thing about taking training in acupuncture or body work is that you practice on each other during the training. That means that I got AAT all weekend during the training. And I feel great. I feel hopeful again. I feel like the fog is parting. I feel renewed to tackle my day, my projects, my life. And am I relieved. Why? Because I am the queen of setting goals and going after them. I enjoy it and I thrive on being involved.
So what is Aroma Acupoint Therapy?
It is the combination of essential oils and Chinese Medicine. Basically, it’s using essential oils on acupuncture points (instead of needles) to re-balance the body’s energy for healing. It’s powerful stuff. While the traditional use of essential oils definitely is used in AAT, there are also specific uses for the essential oils according to Chinese Medicine. You use the energetic resonance from the essential oils to heal the body and you combine that with the energetic benefits of using specific acupuncture points.
So for instance if you need to move energy (qi) through an area, you use acupuncture points that move qi and you use an essential oil that is moving and relaxing. Another example is if you want to build energy, you use acupuncture points known to tonify and nourish qi while using essential oils that are strengthening and restoring. You get double the effects but it’s so gentle that you walk away feeling phenomenal. Even if you have a healing crisis where you experience what I call “growth pains”, the additive nature of using both the acupuncture points and the essential oils helps you through that process quickly. That translates into being able to let go of negative patterns that no longer serve you and move on to be the wonderful person that you are.
That’s what I experienced. I was able to process and let go of the negativity from this year. I was able to cultivate hope for what this next year will bring. I had the energy again to back it up. I was able to recognize that which was no longer serving me and let go. Best of all, I feel clearer in what my path should be even if I don’t know all the steps right now. That’s why I say this is so powerful.
Starting in 2017, all my treatments will include Aroma Acupoint Therapy both for humans and horses. Just like when I started Craniosacral Therapy (CST) 10 years ago. CST was so helpful that I had to include it in all my treatments. I feel the same way about AAT. So that every body can experience the power. Of course, if you want to request AAT and no needles that’s cool too. In fact, the essential oils with cranio-sacral therapy is very powerful. So please don’t forget that I offer bodywork too, not just acupuncture.
I also was very impressed with the company that put on the training. While they offered their essential oils for sale during the process, they never pushed us to buy their product. They talked highly of other essential oil companies too. We obviously used their samples during the training and I found them to be excellent. Snow Lotus has organic, extremely high quality essential oils and I will be using them. You can look them up at snowlotus.org if you want more information. I will also be offering them for sale if anyone is interested. Contact me directly at (410) 440-8875
So here is to a really good smelling 2017 🙂
I was in the barn. Quietly working on a client’s horse. Two women were having a conversation down the isle. I wasn’t trying to eaves drop but I couldn’t help but over hear. “Susan is great, she has gone to Fill In The Blank School and my horses are always better after they see her. She’s only good for massage though. If you need anything else, you better try Jeramiah” said the one lady. “Oh really” said the other, “My friend told me that Jeremiah was better at massage and to see Dr. Nix for other body work”. “She said that Susan was not very educated.” “I heard that Kathy was great at energy work although you can’t tell what she is doing.” So on and so forth.
First, I know that there are good and bad trainers, good and bad therapist and good and bad farriers. While I may have an opinion about another practitioner’s work, I keep it to myself. In reality, no one person is perfect. You have to find what works for you. Honestly, most people making the judgements about a particular practitioner being good or bad usually don’t even know enough to make that decision anyhow. Some practitioners are really good and know a lot but aren’t good at expressing it. Some practitioners don’t know as much but have a great bedside manner. Even others are great with horses and not with people. You get the drift?
The women meant well and were only trying to share their experiences. However, I know each of these practitioners and while it is true that each has their strengths and weaknesses, they all are good. Public perception is the key to having a good business in the horse world. As we know, the public can be quite fickle in how they make “rational” judgement. In fact, there are books written on how little we actually remember the facts when things happen. Usually we remember how we felt. Why am I saying this? To discredit these women… no. To make people sound like flakes…no. Just to open our eyes that sometimes we make decisions and we just aren’t qualified to do so.
Where Am I Leading You?
There is something you don’t realize. Each practitioner out there doing bodywork or energy work is tapping into the same universal life force (or qi) to help your horse. Each one has their twist/name/language but that is only where it differs. How do I know this? Let me explain. Let’s start with definitions.
Massage: using manual techniques to release restrictions in muscles, fascia and soft tissue.
Chiropractic: using manual techniques to re-align structures such as joints and the spinal column.
Acupuncturist: using needles to regulate the qi of the body to allow the horse to heal itself.
Craniosacral Therapist: using their hands to feel changes in the craniosacral rythym and release restrictions.
Reiki Practitioner: using their hands to channel the universal qi to facilitate healing
QiGong Therapist: another type of energy work based on chinese medicine.
And so on…
Each of these modalities uses some type of touch or hand work to interact with the energy of the horse. It is all energy work. I don’t believe in splitting hairs here. You can take a practitioner from each school and ask them to evaluate your horse. They will all find the same thing but will describe it differently based on their education. They will all be right and they all can help. Anyone who tells you any differently is being competitive!
I speak from experience. I do acupuncture, acupressure, craniosacral therapy, massage and reiki. I cannot tell you where one begins and one ends. Once I put my hands on the horse, I use all those modalities to give me feedback about the horse and use all those modalities to facilitate the horse healing itself. I could describe what I feel either from an acupuncturists school of thought, a CST practitioners language, a massage therapist vocabulary or a reiki practitioners consciousness. While there are many differences in each of these modalities and each of them takes many years of learning and practice to master, they all deal with the universal life force that exists in every living animal.
So next time you try and decide what modality is best, stop trying to kid yourself. Unless you are a master of all, you won’t really know. Give each practitioner a chance to help your horse. And dismiss any practitioner that tries to tell you why they are best.
I entered by the old wood doors around back. I had been to this barn many times and the familiar smell of hay and horses permeated the air. Today I was called in for a routine checkup on a client’s dressage mare that was just coming back into work.
We had a long, tough winter. Bitter cold. Too much snow. No one wanted to go outside into the bitter wind, not even the horses. Some riders bundled up and braved the wrath of ole man winter but most of my adult amateur clients curled up on the couch instead. Who can blame them? It’s hard enough balancing work, family and riding but then add the weather difficulties too. In fact there were many days I would have stayed inside… if I had the choice.
“She lost some fitness this winter” the client warns as she pulls off the blanket. “But I wanted to make sure she felt okay now that we’ve started riding again.”
“Yeah, you can really see it in her top-line and hind-end muscles” I reply. “What’s your plan for bringing her back into full work?” I ask.
“Not sure” the owners says. “What do you recommend?”
I get asked this question often. Sometimes because a horse has off a month or two due to unforeseen circumstances and sometimes because an injury has the horse laid up for longer. Whether is rehabilitation or just getting fit, there are some guidelines to follow and some concepts to be aware of.
“Let me compile some information and email it to you”, I say. “That way you have if for future reference”, I add.
I started thinking, I bet others are in this same predicament right now. This would be a good time to share what I researched. Basically, if you understand how the body reacts to exercise demands, you can develop a training program for your specific horse and discipline. Of course, with injuries, always consult your vet for the best rehabilitation schedule.
Here’s what I sent her…
The best scenario is to review the information below and then come up with your individual horse’s schedule based on discipline, age, health and future goals. However, Dr. Lori Warren says, “as a rule of thumb, each additional month off beyond the first month of layup requires a month’s reconditioning”. After prolonged layup, it’s important to work on general fitness first, paying attention to building muscle and cardiac fitness. Strength work and work in a particular discipline come later. Once work in a particular discipline is part of the horse’s routine, make sure only about 50% or 3 out of 6 rides in actually in the discipline. The other workouts can be in general fitness or cross training.
When first starting a horse, the most important aspect of fitness is the 2-12 months spent on long, slow, distance training. The rule is to progress slowly and give alternating days of rest. This is true for the horse who has had the winter off and the horse who is coming back from an injury. The goal is to prepare the horse for 45-60 minutes of easy exercise at walk, trot, canter. Once this stage is reached, then you can increase the objective according to the discipline.
The Big Question
When bringing a horse back after some winter time off, the question is how much fitness is lost and how fast will it build back up?
Fairly quickly the body adapts to the training and fitness increases. After 10 days the horse will plateau in his fitness unless challenged more. Dr. David Marlin suggest that a change of intensity in the training occur around every 2-3 weeks. They key is to balance fitness versus risk of injury. If you increase the intensity too quickly, you risk injury. On the other hand if you increase too slowly, you risk wear and tear type injuries. However, the worst type of training for preventing injury is intensive three days a week back to back and then 3 days off. No weekend warriors here. Not if you want your horse to be sound. Dr. Lori Warren also warns that large oscillations in fitness are detrimental to long term soundness. “In older horses, it is particularly important to maintain fitness in the off-season because reconditioning takes longer as the horse ages.” So as hard as it may be, you have to come out after work, rain or shine and keep the horse fit during the week and during the winter.
Not all horses respond the same to training. Older horses lose fitness more quickly and gain it back much more slowly. Past injuries and health issues will also slow the process. Of course, genetics and confirmation play a role too. If the horse finds the work easy, it may be too easy and actually delay fitness. Of course, you will have less risk of injury if they find the work too easy. On the other hand, if the work is very hard for the horse, proceed at a slower pace and keep the duration short.
Other variables that influence your fitness schedule include intensity (how hard the work is), duration (how long) and frequency (how often). High intensity for a long time on a frequent basis is a recipe for disaster. Good practice is to change one variable at a time but not the others. Increase the frequency every 2-3 weeks but not the duration or intensity. Or increase the intensity but not the frequency or duration.
The body doesn’t gain fitness linearly. Some tissues and systems gain fitness more quickly and other take months to gain strength. Let’s talk about these systems.
Types of Fitness
One way to measure a horse’s cardiac fitness is with a heart rate monitor. With increased fitness, you will notice that not only is the heart rate slower during exercise but also recovers more quickly when you stop exercising. To record this, your horse has to be wearing a heart rate monitor during exercise. Other factors that will influence your horse’s heart rate include pain, heat, dehydration, excitement and heart problems. A change in your horse’s cardiac fitness will happen in as little as 1-2 weeks of starting training.
VO2 is the oxygen consumption by the muscles during exercise. An important part of the cardiovascular system is to deliver oxygen to the working muscles. Vo2max is a measure of the cardiac, respiratory and muscular systems’ ability to work at capacity. The most substantial increase in VO2max happens in the first couple weeks of training. In addition, in the first couple months the body increases the red blood cells, hemoglobin and plasma volume to better carry oxygen to the muscles. After about 4-6 months of training, the number of mitochondria which make ATP (energy the muscle cell can use from glucose) increases.
Fit horses sweat more easily and are better at dissipating heat before it overloads this system. Thermoregulation is another system that reacts fairly quickly to increases in training. However, a minimum of 2 weeks is needed for the horse to acclimatize if moved to a climate with higher heat and humidity.
|Increase in VO2MAX||
1 – 2 weeks
|Increase in plasma volume||
1 – 2 weeks
|Improved sweating response||
1 – 2 weeks
|Increase in red blood cells & haemoglobin||
2 – 4 months
|Increase in muscle capillaries||
3 – 6 months
|Increase in muscle mitochondria||
4 – 6 months
|Increase in muscle aerobic enzymes||
4 – 6 months
|Increase in bone density*||
4 – 6 months
|Strengthening of tendons and ligaments*||
4 – 6 months
*Available research on training adaptations of supporting structures is limited.
However, the most important take home message from this chart is that it takes 4-6 months for the bones, tendons and ligaments to strengthen. The slow adaptation limits the entire fitness program and time must be given for these important supporting structures to adapt. Even consider the ligaments of the back and neck, not just the legs. It is these supporting structures that adapt more slowly and are susceptible to overloading injuries.
Remember when rehabilitating an injured tendon or ligament to consult your veterinarian for the proper training schedule to ensure complete recovery.
So, for those you gave your horse the winter totally off because of the bad weather, you can’t expect them to come back into full work, collection and carrying capacity in 1-2 months. It’s more like 6 months. It’s an important reminder when we look outside at the dreary weather and decide to stay inside. We may be okay giving our horse time off but we must realize that our plans for showing early in the season or moving up a level will have to be delayed.
What are we training for?
When getting your horse fit, it’s important to remember what you are training them for. Will they need power or stamina? Speed or distance? What happens when you change disciplines? Is the horse fit for galloping but you want to teach it collection? Giving the horse’s body time to adjust to the demands of a new discipline are equally as important as getting them fit in the first place. In addition, you may have the horse fit for what you can do but is the horse fit enough to go to the trainers where the demands will be higher? These are all important questions to ask oneself if you want your horse to stay sound both now and in the future.
Sprinters need large, powerful muscles with few capillaries and mitochondria that carry them quickly for a short distance and work primarily anaerobically. In contrast, an endurance horse has thin muscles, packed with mitochondria and capillaries and work primarily aerobically. Although much of this is determined genetically, you can train a horse to be good at one or the other but not both.
According to Dr. David Marlin, dressage horses in competition work at heart rates around 120-150 beats per minute. To improve their aerobic capacity, they should be trained at around 150-180 bpm for around 10 minutes several times per week. This kind of training can only be accomplished by fitting your horse with a heart monitor but usually a fit horse has to be at a hand gallop to reach a heart rate of 150-180 bpm.
While cardiac fitness is important in dressage horses, so is strength. After general fitness is achieved and you start working on discipline specific movements then muscle strength is important. When building muscle for specific movements, it’s best to begin with performing the movement for 20-30 seconds with rest in between.
While we know that dressage is primarily a aerobic exercise, it’s realistic to think that during intense strength training (ie piaffe) anaerobic (without oxygen) pathways are being used when the muscles are engaged and working hard. Working anaerobically should only be asked from the horse once it has a fair amount of fitness. Otherwise, you will only be breaking the horse down. Think of a race horse. First they must be able to gallop a moderate distance before you can ask them to run all out a short distance. This takes us back to the concept of intensity, duration and frequency. In dressage, in intense exercises which require large powerful muscles to carry the horse (ie piaffe, passage, pirouettes), it’s best to first be able to increase intensity. The horse must slowly learn to increase the carrying capacity of it’s hind legs. As the hind legs gain the power, you can increase the duration. Only then can you ask for a few ½ steps or a few steps of ultra collected canter. Then over the course of months, you can only increase the intensity of that movement OR the duration (ie more piaffe) OR the frequency. It is still important to remember that it takes 4-6 months for the tendons and ligaments to respond to the increase in workload and also that working in a particular discipline should only take up about 50% of your training time.
Remember our goal should always be to increase skill, performance and resistance to injury. Training too hard too quickly sets the horse up for lameness. On the other hand, if you never challenge the horse by increasing either duration, intensity or frequency, your horse will never be fit enough to handle the demands of the sport.
New Massage Techniques
Over the past couple months I have been studying and practicing a new kind of massage called the Masterson Method. This work is based on the techniques and the life work of Jim Masterson, a renowned equine massage therapist who has worked on many international horses. For more information on the Masterson Method read this article.
What’s so great about this kind of work? It falls in line with a host of other techniques I use everyday. Jim’s special twist is a combination of massage, cranio-sacral therapy and myofascial release. Although that’s not how he advertises it, that’s what it is. Having studied craniosacral therapy, positional release and myofascial release, Jim’s techniques made total sense to me and to the horse (you could tell by their reaction). The Masterson Method added some cool ways to help me unlock tension in key junctions of the body from head to tail. I am happy to now offer this work to my clients.
These key junctions include the tmj, poll, withers, shoulders, neck, ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebra, sacrum and SI joint, hips, stifles, hocks, fetlocks and feet but as you can see, all areas of the body can be treated with this method.
Your Horse Will Tell You
In addition, this kind of therapy you do with a horse not to the horse. As the practitioner, I constantly check in with the horses’ reaction and body language to determine where therapy is needed and how long to stay on a particular body part. If you watch the horse, they will tell you everything. Having this extra piece of communication really gave purpose to what I was feeling with my hands.
Many times I am asked how I feel what I do. It’s all energy. If you practice long enough you can feel where it’s flowing, stuck, too active or deficient. Couple that feeling with a reaction from the horse and you got a great two way communication system to really help horses feel better in their body. Often, just some simple techniques can help a horse unlock and become freer. A full on treatment can really make a big difference.
While bodywork can’t replace veterinary care, it is a great way to accomplish four things:
- help the veterinarian know where to concentrate their diagnostics and work.
- efficiently treat compensatory pain, lameness and bad biomechanics.
- complement what you are doing with your vet and your horse for lasting results.
- address body issues that are keeping your horse from performing its’ best.
I am now including this work in every treatment. The hardest part is finding the time! With so many techniques now in my tool belt, I can’t fit them all in. Luckily, I get to see my patients more than just once. If you’d like to schedule a treatment and experience these new techniques, please call Rebecca today!
Whole Food 4: Herbs and More
In our final month of whole foods, let’s talk about a few herbs and “other” foods that are packed full of nutrition.
Hawthorn Berries are high in antioxidants. They contain the flavonoids such as quercitin, and oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs)- the same antioxidants found in grapes. In Europe, they are used as a heart tonic and to treat circulatory and heart disorders.
Red Raspberry Leaf is high in vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, iron and vitamin B. Most horse people are familiar with raspberry leaf as a uterine relaxant and it’s suggested use for mares when “in heat”. Some horse owners have reported limited success with using raspberry for those reasons. I advise horse owners to tailor a herbal prescription to their individual horse’s needs and not just rely on over the counter preparations.
Bee Pollen is another excellent source of amino acids. Bee pollen is considered a super food that interestingly we can’t artificially produce. It is full of vitamin and minerals and many have acclaimed it’s super powers. My only concern is the plight of the honey bee. They are dying out fast and while scientist know of multiple causes, there seems to be little hope for these great pollinators.
So that completes our list, although I wouldn’t say it’s complete. I just wanted to give you a sample of the many foods available that pack a punch in nutrition. Supplementing our horses doesn’t require synthetic or man made vitamins and minerals that congest and clog our horses systems up. Not only do we over supplement our horses with vitamins and minerals but many of the synthetics are not utilized by the body and are actually harmful. Hopefully this list gave you a place to start in providing a rich source of vitamins and minerals to your horse without having to pay the expensive price tag on processed supplements.
Remember this information is not to replace veterinary advice or care. Always consult a equine nutritionist when changing your horses diet.
Don’t forget to contact me if you’d like a topic covered in a future blog. Until next time,
Why Your Horse Has Ulcers
Candace Pert reminded me of an important fact. Animals just don’t get ulcers from stress, they get ulcers from a certain kind of stress. The stress involved with the feeling of no control over their environment. It’s no wonder horses have such a prevalence of ulcers. Not only do we put them in the most unnatural environments but then we take all control away from them.
They don’t get to say when they go out, whom they get to go out with, when they get ridden or when they get to eat. It’s all controlled and then on top of it all we change their environment without warning. For instance, we take them to races, shows and competitions, add or take away pasture mates or change their daily schedule. This kind of life is nothing like their wild counterparts.
So what should we do about it? Realize that life for the domestic horse can be stressful and they get ulcers.
In fact, up to 60% of show horses have ulcers and up to 90% of race horses have ulcers.
Even when diagnosed and treated properly, ulcers lesions can take over a month to heal thoroughly. To complicate matters worse, many horses get recurring ulcers.
Signs & Symptoms
The usual signs of ulcers include:
- Poor appetite
- Acting hungry but not wanting to eat
- Weight loss and/or poor body condition
- Poor hair coat
- Mild colic
- Mental dullness or attitude changes
- Poor performance
- Lying down more than normal
- Nervousness and anxiety
- Teeth grinding (especially when ridden)
- Touchy sides for both riding and/or grooming
How To Treat Ulcers
For starters, there are general management issues that can be addressed to both treat and prevent ulcers.
- Increasing the amount of roughage in the diet.
- Increasing the number of feedings and increase the amount of time the horse is actually eating.
- Don’t let the horse’s stomach get empty.
- Have the horse on pasture 24 hours a day. The more the horse is out walking around and grazing the better.
- Avoid stressful situations if possible.
- Avoid feed changes.
In addition, there are medicines to treat ulcers. Those medicine are:
- Omeprazole: the ingredient in Gastrogard and Ulcergard. Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor meaning that it blocks the glandular cells in the stomach from producing hydrochloric acid.
- Ranitidine: an H2 antagonist known to be good for stomach and hindgut ulcers. This medication must be given 3 times per day.
- Cimetidine: also an H2 antagonist. Cimetidine is best as a temporary solution and relief from the ulcers but has not been shown to aid in healing.
- Sucralfate: a viscous compound that will coat the ulcers like a bandage to facilitate healing. This should also be given 3 times per day and is usually given with ranitidine.
Horses should not be kept on ulcer medications for long term. Decreasing the acid in the stomach can lead to B12 deficiency, poor digestion, hind gut issues plus calcium and magnesium imbalances.
While scientific evidence is usually lacking with alternative medicines and supplements, I think they are important to mention here because they are safe for long term use. Most can be used to prevent ulcers once they are cleared with medication. Here are some suggestions for daily prevention.
- Probiotics and digestive enzymes to aid digestion.
- Herbs such as slippery elm bark and marshmallow to coat the lining of the GI tract.
- Papaya puree (such as found in Stomach Soother). Papaya is also used for people with upset stomach.
- Supplements like Succeed that help digestion in general.
- Aloe Vera juice.
- Organic apple cider vinegar.
It’s important to remember that treating ulcers and healing them takes time. Ulcers can be very painful and can flare up under the slightest bit of stress. This is one condition that should not be ignored. Ulcers can cause long term health problems not just because of the pain and increased risk of colic but also because of the immune system that relies on a healthy gastrointestinal tract. Chronic immune problems are so prevalent in horses today, make sure that ulcers aren’t one of the reasons why. Get your horse treated today!
Whole Foods 3: Seeds and Such
Last month we talked about some great whole foods that are not only packed with nutrition but are treats our horses love to eat. Today I want to talk about seeds and some other dried foods that are great additions to an equine supplement you are attempting to make or looking to buy. Check these out…
Nutritional Yeast is an excellent source of amino acids, B vitamins and provides the compounds beta-1,3 glucan, trehalose, mannan and glutathione, which are associated with enhanced immunity, reduced cholesterol levels and cancer prevention. Nutritional yeast also has the minerals iron, selenium and zinc. Note that it has been heated and deactivated so there isn’t any active yeast. (This is especially important for people who add it to their diet because it won’t cause or aggravate any candida growth.) You will find this listed in holistic supplements for horses and therefore is something you should know about.
Kelp (a nutritional seaweed) is an excellent mineral supplement containing most of the trace minerals and some ultra trace minerals. It also contains proteins and the vitamins A,B, C, D, E and K making it a great nutritional supplement. Kelp also contains a biological available form of calcium and iodine. Your source for kelp is important as some products are mislabeled and some products have toxic metals in them. It helps to do a little research on the source of kelp before you feed it to yourself or your horse.
Spirulina (a bluegreen algae) is known to be a good source of protein, carotenoids, iron and minerals. Loaded with antioxidants, spirulina, is being researched for it’s role in immune function, cleansing out toxins and fighting diseases such as cancer.
Hemp Seeds are a great source of protein and amino acids, essential fatty acids and phytonutrients. Similar to flax seeds, hemp seeds are high in omega 3 fatty acids but additionally provides significant amounts of the more rare ‘super’ polyunsaturated fatty acids, notably gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA). Supplementation with GLA and SDA appears to alleviate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and other skin diseases.
Flax Seeds. please read my previous article about the benefits of flax seeds by clicking here.
Chia Seeds. According to Mountain Rose Herbs they contain “Essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid, mucin, strontium, 30% protein, Vitamins A, B, E, and D, and minerals including calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, iron, iodine, copper, zinc, sodium, magnesium, manganese, niacin, thiamine, silicon, and anti-oxidants.” They are concentrated little powerhouses of nutrition. Unlike flax seeds, chia seeds are digested and do not need to be ground.
Pumpkin seeds are also packed with omega 3 fatty acids. They are a good source of magnesium and zinc. Studies show they help improve insulin regulation and lower inflammation in the body. In addition, pumpkin seeds are a good source of tryptophan which the body uses to make serotonin.
Sesame Seeds. The World’s Healthiest Foods says “Not only are sesame seeds an excellent source of copper and a very good source of manganese, but they are also a good source of calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B1, zinc, molybdenum, selenium, and dietary fiber.”
It’s amazing how these little seeds can have such nutritional value and therefore great disease fighting and health promoting properties. It makes me not only want to include them into my horses diet but also my own.
Whole Foods 2: Fresh Foods
Last time we talked about why whole foods are so great for your horse and the downsides of feeding processed foods. If you haven’t read that article, you can find it here. Today, let’s review some edible fresh foods for horses and what nutrients they have in them. While some of these you may already give to your horse, I bet some you never thought of. I want to mention that when introducing new foods proceed slowly as to not upset your horses digestive system. In addition, realize that not all foods will be palatable to your individual horse.
Carrots are rich in beta carotene which converts into retinol, the most usable vitamin A for the body. It is recommended that horses get between 24,000 & 50,000 IU per day. 1 cup of carrots has about 18,000 IU. Green grass has vitamin A but in winter horses can easily become deficient because stored hay looses it’s vitamin content pretty quickly. Carrots also contain vitamin K, C, E, B1,, B2, B3, B6, potassium, folate, copper, phosphorous, pantothenic acid and manganese.
Apples contain polyphenols which are not only a great source of antioxidants but also have been shown to reduce blood sugar. Apparently, the apple slows down carbohydrate digestion and reduces glucose absorption. In human research, apples are good for the cardiovascular system, anti-cancer and anti-asthma. Apples are a good source of vitamin C.
Pumpkin reportedly safe to offer your horses. I’ve never tried it but might this coming fall and see what they do. I do feed pumpkin seeds and that we will cover in the future under seeds and such. Pumpkin is high in vitamin A, B, antioxidants and many minerals. Might be worth a try!
Mango pieces can be fed to your horse but NOT the pit/seed. Mangos are another good source of vitamin C and A.
Wheat Grass is like a horse superfood. I grow this indoors during the winter or early spring to give my horses a special treat. It’s full of minerals like iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium and selenium. Vitamins in wheatgrass include A, C, E, and several B vitamins. The most prevalent vitamin in wheatgrass is pantothenic acid.
Fresh herbs are a great addition to your horses diet. Again these can be grown inside and offered during the winter months when it’s hard for horses to get anything fresh. Although the discussion of herbs for your horse is beyond this blog here is a list of some herbs you can try: chamomile, red clover, calendula or thyme.
There are other vegetables and fruit (without pits) that supposedly are safe to feed your horse, I’ve just never tried them. Obviously this information is not to replace veterinary care and I cannot be held liable for this information. Just saying…
What is “Whole Live Nutritious Food”?
Eating a diet of live food has long been considered the supreme type of food consumption. This is even true of our horses’ diet. A live food diet consists of food eaten in it’s natural state without being cooked or processed so that it maintains the vitamin, mineral and enzyme content. When most people think of live food they think of raw food. Raw food is the way to go especially for our equine friends. Their natural diet in the wild would be of raw and unprocessed grasses, seeds etc. The next best type of food would be that which was dried or dehydrated with a temperature not exceeding 118 degrees. Above this temperature, enzymes and vitamins are destroyed.
When we talk of whole foods, we mean consuming the real food, not a processed facsimile.
Where this is most important is in our horses consumption of phyto-nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Scientific research clearly shows that when consuming these vital nutrients from a whole food source they are more readily bio-available and more easily absorbed then when they come from a man made supplement. Commonly, it is the interaction between the nutrients in a balanced way that benefits the body the greatest. These combinations are only found in mother nature. Synthetically processed or isolated nutrients are NOT as good for your horse as the “real thing”. That’s why it’s important to offer a wide variety of whole live foods to your horse and not rely on a man-made synthetic supplement.
Where has horse feeding and supplementation gone wrong?
I believe we have done a real disservice and harm to our horses health by feeding processed food, supplementing with synthetic vitamins and treating their food with chemicals (including preservative and pesticides). I truly believe that’s why we are seeing an increase in metabolic disorders, cancer and a whole host of equine disease. Just like in humans, garbage in, garbage out!
What are processed feeds?
Well, if you get really picky almost all feeds are processed in some way. However, what you really want to avoid is the commercial feeds that have fillers and cheap products that aren’t whole foods. Examples are ingredients like wheat middlings and grain by products. Contrast that to a feed label that lists whole oats or barley which are whole foods. Now it can be argued that grains of any sort aren’t the best food for your horse but many competition horses cannot live on just grass or hay alone. If you really want to know about the pros and cons of individual grains read Healing Horses: Their Way! by Marijke van de Water.
Secondly, you need to look at the sources of vitamins and minerals. Most commercially available vitamins and minerals whether sold as a supplement or included in your horses premixed grain are synthetically made. Unfortunately these are cheaper, hence why they are used. To complicate matters more, it is EXTREMELY hard to tell on the labels what vitamins and minerals may be from natural sources and which ones are man made. Labels are deceptive as we have seen in the human food industry.
To drive this point home, let’s look at Selenium. Selenium is not readily available in the soil here in the eastern half of the US. Therefore, many people supplement with it. Inorganic selenium (aka sodium selenate) is poorly processed by the body, less available for use by the body and more prone to toxicity at high levels. However, it is cheaper and many supplements have this type of selenium in them. The better choice is organic selenium and comes from selenium yeast. This is easily utilized and stored in the horses body just as if the horse ate selenium rich grasses. Which one is in your feed or supplement? Sometimes it requires some investigation. Think about it, this is just one of the many minerals listed on the feed label! What about all the others? There are similar arguments with natural vitamin A vs synthetic vitamin A, natural vitamin E vs synthetic vitamin E and a whole host of other vitamins and minerals. Again, it’s extremely hard to determine which ones you are feeding when the source is a processed source.
This is why people are turning to whole live food supplementation for their horse.
Why not supply carrots instead of synthetic vitamin A? The hard part is understanding what foods to supply to our horses to ensure they get everything they need. The first recommendation (if possible) is to allow your horse to graze on a very large pasture that contains a variety of plant materials to choose from. This simulates how they would choose different foods in their environment in the wild. I know. I know, this isn’t always possible but it’s a start. The second recommendation would be to supplement with a whole food source like BioStar Optimum EQ. (No, I didn’t get paid anything to recommend this.) The third recommendation would be to take a list of whole foods and make your own supplement. Better yet, let your horse choose which ones it wants to consume!
Let’s review the benefits of feeding your horse live whole foods.
- Nutrients from the food are easily absorbed, bio-available for the body to use and completely natural.
- No ingredient is synthetic, man made, chemical laden or processed.
- Helps prevent disease by supplying the best nutrition possible.
- Helps treat disease and lameness by strengthening the very foundation of the horse.
- Helps treat disease and lameness by balancing nutritional deficiencies.
- Supplies the right amount of nutrients to help combat metabolic disorder.
What about whole live food treats?
Many of you know that I have a secret recipe for horse treats that are not only delicious but also packed full of nutritious whole foods that supply many vitamins and minerals. You too can make these for your horse and they don’t require any cooking. After we go over some great superfoods for horses in the next couple months, get creative with the list above and start experimenting.
JULY/ NEXT ISSUE: We talk about fresh foods that are great for horses.
AUGUST: We learn about seeds that are packed full of nutrition
SEPTEMBER: We cover herbs that are great for their nutrient content.
What is a trigger point?
A trigger point is a hyper-irritable spot located in a tight band of skeletal muscle. If you’d had an active trigger point, you know how painful they can be. They can produce pain locally and radiate out into seemingly other unrelated parts of the body. Inactive trigger points which often cause stiffness and decreased range of motion without pain are far more common. While trigger points can accompany many chronic musculo-skeletal disorders, they are caused by an muscle overload either by acute trauma (fall, injury etc) by sustained, prolonged activity or by repetitive micro trauma. Nerve compression and the decreased flow of blood and oxygen further injure the muscle. This dysfunction of the muscle then creates further complication in the tendons, ligaments and skeleton of the horse. The persistent pain associated with trigger points results in both a decrease function in the muscles of locomotion and in the postural muscles. This is why it’s so important to address trigger points.
While factors that increase the formation of trigger points are numerous and sometimes hard to detect, they are important. Without the proper attention they can spell the difference between success and failure in treatment.
- Mechanical stress
- skeletal & postural asymetry
- poor fitting tack compressing nerves in the paravertebral muscles
- rider imbalance
- lack of warmup
- overuse of muscles causing fatigue
- Nutritional imbalances
- Metabolic and endocine disorders
- Cushings Syndrome
- Low Thyroid
- Insulin Resistance
- Equine Metabolic Syndrome
- Psychological Problems
- Chronic disease and infections
- respiratory disease
- liver and kidney dysfunction
- heart murmurs
Types of Trigger Points
Central tigger points are located in the most electrically excitable area of the muscle, also called the motor point of the muscle. These points are usually found over the body of the muscle and dysfunction causes contraction knots, nodules and taut fibers.
Attachment trigger points are located at the attachment of the muscle onto fascia, tendons or bone. The strain on the muscle at these attachments causes swelling, tenderness and pain.
Key trigger points is the main trigger point responsible for the activity of additional trigger points. Clinically this becomes apparent when the release of one trigger points also causes the release of additional trigger points called satellite trigger points. For long term affects, both the key and satellite trigger points need to be released.
Trigger Point Treatment
There are many ways to release trigger points and different modalities of alternative medicine address them even if they don’t aknowledge them as such. However, Janet Travell, author of the Trigger Point Manual, recognized the following successful treatments for trigger points.
- vapocoolant spray during stretching
- isometric contractions and voluntary contraction and relaxation of the muscle
- percussion during stretching
- range of motion exercises that fully lengthen and shorten every muscle treated
- ischemic compression (best on central trigger points)
- deep stroking massage
- myofascial release
- dry needling/acupuncture
Acupuncture and Trigger Points
Research has shown acupuncture to be effective in treating muscle pain and releasing trigger points. We also know that acupuncture speeds healing of injured tissue and brings blood and oxygen to the local area. Interestingly, The Tri State College of Acupuncture calls the study of Acupuncture in the release of trigger points: Acupuncture Physical Medicine. They have a great quote related to this very study. “Acupuncture Physical Medicine or dry needle release of a trigger point is safer than trigger point hypodermic needling and far easier than manual trigger point release, yet as effective as either”. Trigger point treatment via acupuncture combines Japanese meridian therapy techniques along with current knowledge in trigger point therapy. While trigger points are (according to Travell) very persistent most of the medical community focuses instead on the injury to tendons, ligaments and joints. We all know that acupuncture was meant to be preventative. This is one area where it rings true. Why not address the trigger points with acupuncture and body work before they impact the fascia, tendons, ligaments and skeletal system?